Our private empire: the United States

one of the great myths western politicians Rome Aterna, the idea that the city constituted a living model for centuries in Antiquity, thanks to two processes: that of its possible relocation and that of its constant renewal. In fact, Emperor Constantine, for military reasons, decided to move the capital of the empire to the east, and for this he ordered the construction of a city, which would also be known by its name, Constantinople. new rom, And it is this new capital of the Roman Empire which survived until the fifteenth century a political regime, religious institutions and a literary culture, which will be transmitted to the West in the Renaissance, and of which will be from the new Roman Empire. born. Kyiv. King of Russia, whose title is nothing but a Greek adaptation of the word KingCaesar.

but this second kingdom The Romans had to coexist from the year 800 d. C. With a new empire, Holy Roman Empire, when the Pope decides to consecrate Charlemagne as legitimate emperor of Rome, thus establishing an alliance between the Church and political power, essential to the understanding of our Western history. The emperor would be the one who performs the political functions and directs the military, leaving the religious, doctrinal and intellectual direction to the pope, the two in a perfect symbiosis which managed to maintain the identity of each side.

Pit was the roman empire This has always been a major problem, that is to say, one can almost say that it has always existed more in fact than in law. Indeed, since its foundation by Augustus, Rome has paradoxically remained a city-state, governed by the Senate, and has kept alive the democratic system of elections and the tradition of annual elections of magistrates, ranging from municipal to provincial. Was up to.

roman emperor Legally, they were not emperors, as there was no magistrate with a clearly defined profile, as would be the case for later kings. On the other hand, the emperor submitted only to pre-existing magistrates, such as the consulate, the maximum pontificate, the tribunician power… His power was largely a fiction, because a narrative was also the lifeblood of the Senate and the republican constitution, because it Power actually rested on the control of armies, which often appointed and dismissed emperors, what current historians call democratic dictatorships.

after the end of the wars Citizens and peaceful of the Mediterranean, the Roman armies were located at the borders: those of Germany and Brittany, Syria and North Africa, originally with the personal protection forces of the emperor with a mission to control the barbarians and the capital Rome. , praetorian. The territory of the empire was quite secure, think that, for example, in the whole of the Iberian Peninsula, Leon had only one army, which was on foot, so if necessary, its ability to control the territory would be minimal.

IOrganization of the Roman Empire There were two types of provinces: those governed by the Senate and others, such as Egypt, which were the private property of the emperor because of their economic or military importance. For the rest, the empire was what Mr. Rostovtzef, one of the great historians of antiquity, called a union of free cities with their own government and paid virtually no taxes. The prosperity of each province depended on its agricultural, fishing and mining wealth, but also on industry and trade, which linked the entire Mediterranean to the flow of goods.

the roman empire was A very weak structure, because it did not control its territory militarily, nor from a financial or administrative point of view. For this reason, Emperor Diocletian (284-305) reorganized it, dividing its government into two parts: eastern and western, and an emperor and a Caesar sharing its government. He quadrupled the army, created a system of smaller, efficient and taxable provinces, and decided to persecute the Christians, because he believed that they were a threat to the imperial power, when in fact the latter . turned out to be the contrary, for only the political theology of Eusebius of Caesarea, a contemporary of Constantine, could justify the existence of a single imperial power, as a reflection of the power of God in heaven, provided that the Church, the unique and exclusive of the Sacred Tradition, was Explicator, approval.

It has never been so strong and effective The Roman Empire compared to its phase of the Christian Empire, and that is why the great historian A. Pigniol said that the empire did not shrink by itself, but was killed by military power barbarians, who were among them. army. It would be from this point of view that one could note an astonishing fact: it is the identification of the power of the United States with the Greek and Roman tradition, in which it was not recognized before.

Charlemagne’s Empire It survived until the French Revolution in Central Europe. It was reborn in the Germany of William II and Bismarck in 1870, under the name of Second Reich, and with Nazism, under the name of Third Reich. Mussolini wanted to revive it in Fascist Italy, because Italy was the heiress of Rome by blood. In Spain, only Carlos V perceived the royal heritage, France always remained outside of it, and it is the same with England.

Why then are contemporary American historians like VD Hanson or EH Lutvak so interested in the fall of Rome and America’s identification with that empire? For two reasons: because of the classical political tradition in the ideological birth of his country and because of his passion for military power.

United States Constitution, This was the first western republican constitution. The new country could not have a king drawn from a European dynasty. And that is why they imitated all the ideals of Roman institutions, such as the Senate, the Congress or the People’s Assembly, the elections to municipal offices and the civil soldier. Or what comes to the same thing, the idea that everyone should have the right to arm themselves to form a national militia. Added to this were the justification for slavery, drawn from Aristotle and the classics, and the ideas of the free market and private property as one of the most sacred rights, along with life and liberty, such as they were in Rome. ,

by birth America was considered a special country, focused on its destiny, and in any case on America. But after the First World War and its late and forced intervention, and especially after the Second World War, during which most countries did not want to fight in Europe, Henry Ford, a Nazi sympathizer, initially refused to l ‘to allow. After refusing arms production factories, his son and after being convinced by President Roosevelt, the United States assumed the role of controller of the world market and the security of a world freed from the Cold War.

TookIt is deployed by the United States They have over 4,000 in total, or over 720 military bases around the planet. He thus controlled his seas and his airspace with the help of his allies, thus building a commercial empire on a planet invaded by his products from the fifties. And at the same time, he declared himself a champion of political and intellectual freedom and an ardent defender of human rights in an unequal world, most often too poor and where the United States and the USSR themselves shared their domains and subordinates to compete. People and countries used. In the so-called Cold War, in which the poor fought for the cause of the powerful.

the american empire will Like the Roman Empire, because it would inherit its political tradition and protect property and trade against Soviet or Chinese authoritarianism. And above all because he would defend the religious and moral values ​​that he considered his distinctive heritage, embodying the struggle of good against evil. But a double problem arose. The United States no longer controls the markets – this year its GDP has overtaken China, which owns free markets under its communist political umbrella – and so does India’s economic and military power in all areas.

The United States can no longer be World Kind: Korea has lost every war it has faced since. Its economic power as well as its military could decline due to changes in technology and markets. But instead of acknowledging it as such, its historians and political scientists propose to shore up its declining military power, appealing to Lutvak’s theories of Rome’s decline or Hanson’s Western military might. Rome, the best-governed empire, is said to have collapsed due to its military weakness and allowed the rise of barbarians from abroad. Its successor is us, America, and it is therefore our moral duty to rule the world. Let’s learn from that old failure, let’s look back now! In parallel, primary movements arise, such as the North American National Socialist Movement, which rejects politics and politicians, but which shares this message, whose flag can be seen in the illustration.