Payday loans can seem like lifesavers when you need cash quickly, but the high cost and short repayment periods can keep you trapped in a debt cycle.
While there isn’t a proper definition of a payday loan, it is usually a short-term loan for a modest sum, usually $ 500 or less, that is payable along with the cost on your next paycheck.
Although payday loans are advertised to help narrow the gap between paychecks and emergency help, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau warns that they can become “debt traps”.
Since many borrowers cannot afford the loan plus fees, they are forced to pay additional fees in order to avoid the debt. So they keep “rolling” or renewing their debts until they end up paying more fees than they originally borrowed.
How do payday loans work?
Payday loans are known by several names including cash advance loans, delayed deposit loans, check advance loans, and Payday Loans Onlinebut they all work the same.
To get a payday loan, you may need to write a bad check to the lender for the full amount, including any fees. You can also allow the lender to automatically charge your checking account. The lender will usually give you cash after this.
The loan is usually due on the next payday, which is usually two to four weeks away. The lender can cash your check or digitally withdraw your bank account if you fail to repay the loan plus financing fees by the due date.
Many states that allow this form of lending place limits on the amount of money you can borrow and the costs associated with it. Depending on the state, businesses are allowed to charge $ 10 to $ 30 per $ 100.
Why Do People Take Payday Loans?
Payday loans are a perfect choice for people with poor credit ratings. This is because when applying for a loan, the borrower does not have to worry that their creditworthiness is insufficient or nonexistent.
Another potential audience is people with little or no savings. This highlights the huge market potential for payday loans and explains why they are so widespread. Payday lenders have a marketplace configured because credit problems and a lack of money usually go together.
While many people get by on their monthly expenses, an emergency requires the immediate use of cash.
What are the dangers of payday loans?
While payday loans can provide much-needed cash, you should be aware of the risks.
- High annual percentages
Imagine a two-week loan of $ 500 at a cost of $ 15 per $ 100 – an annual percentage of nearly 400%, according to the CFPB.
- Short deadlines
A payday loan (https://www.paydaylv.com) usually has to be repaid within 2 to 4 weeks after the initial loan. Because the guidelines vary by state, double-check your state’s laws.
- Additional fees
If you fail to repay the loan on time, you may be charged additional fees on top of the original loan fee. In addition, as you extend or take out your loan again, these fees start to pile up. According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, about a quarter of the original payday loan is re-loaned nine or more times.
Additional fees may include:
- If you do not have sufficient funds in the account when creditors try to cash your check or withdraw it digitally from your account, you will be charged an insufficient funds fee.
- If you fail to repay in a timely manner, the lender will charge you default interest or repayment fees.
- Rollover costs are added on top of the initial loan and initial costs to extend the completion date of your loan.
- Will not build up any credit
People with poor credit may not be able to obtain credit on reasonable terms. Payday lenders, on the other hand, rarely record your borrowing with credit bureaus, so the loan will not help you develop credit.
Alternatives to Payday Loans
- Alternative payday loans
You may be able to get lower interest personal loans if you belong to or can join a financial institution. For example, members of federal banking institutions can obtain payday rate loans for amounts between $ 200 and $ 1,000. These typically have six months or less, a registration fee of $ 20, and an APR of no more than 28%.
- Pay check advance
In some places, your employer is allowed to bring your payment forward without being charged any fees. However, it may be up to your company’s decision, so speak to your boss or a HR representative about your alternatives.
You can also use smartphone apps that will send you cash between paychecks if you meet certain criteria.
- Debt settlement
A debt settlement can affect your credit score while also helping you settle your debt and start a fresh start.
- Personal Loans
Personal loans can have high interest rates, but when you need a loan and are not eligible for cheaper interest rates, comparative shopping is crucial. You may qualify for a slightly higher interest rate and longer term than traditional payday lenders, but you won’t know unless you look around.
Look for a lender who responds to the major credit bureaus when applying for a loan. A good reputation for on-time loan payments will help you build credit and ultimately qualify for loans with a better interest rate.
- Credit counseling
In the long run, you can work on solving the underlying financial problems that are making you return to the payday loan counters. Consider credit counseling that can help you prepare a budget and open a deposit account.
It is wise to research and evaluate funding opportunities and think about long-term financial improvements that might help. You can start by setting a budget and debt settlement strategy.
Payday loans are acceptable but should be accepted with caution and repaid as soon as possible because of the high interest rates they charge.